The review identified the significance of snail intermediate hosts in the transmission of snail-borne trematode infections especially schistosomiasis in Africa.
The study, therefore, highlights the importance of molecular approaches in differentiating snail hosts population structure and the need to provide adequate information on snail host populations by updating snail hosts genome database for Africa.
We stressed the need to improve efforts on snail studies through differentiating snail hosts because such information is important and would help provide insight on the intrinsic host-parasites relationship as well as ecology of snail intermediate hosts and their roles in disease transmission.
The study, also, identified gaps including inadequate information on mapping of snail host distribution in Africa, dearth of malacology expertise and poor awareness on the danger pose by the presence of these snail hosts in waterbodies across Africa. We emphasized the need for urgent intervention to facilitate effective integrated control of schistosomiasis and other snail-borne trematode infections.
There is need to prioritize snail studies especially snail differentiation using molecular tools as this would help boost disease surveillance and also enhance efficient schistosomiasis control programme in Africa.